Why did God have to rest on the seventh day? –
Genesis 2, Exodus 20, Hebrews 4
Isaiah 40:28 (NASB) Do you not know? Have you not heard? The Everlasting God, the Lord, the Creator of the ends of the earth Does not become weary or tired. His understanding is inscrutable.
I. GOD’S REST COMMEMORATED HIS CREATIVE POWER
II. GOD’S REST SET THE STAGE FOR ISRAEL’S SABBATH OBSERVANCE
a. There was a sabbath for His people
Exodus 31:12-13 (NASB) The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 13 “But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.
Exodus 31:14 (NASB) ‘Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.
Exodus 31:15-16 (NASB) ‘For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death. 16 ‘So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.’
Exodus 31:17 (NASB) “It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed.”
Exodus 16:29 “See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.”
Exodus 35:3 “You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day.”
Deuteronomy 5:14 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
Luke 6:5 And He was saying to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath.” b. There was an agricultural sabbath
III. God’s REST SET THE PATTERN FOR THE CHRISTIAN’S ULTIMATE REST
Matt 11:28 “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest.
Rev 14:13 And I heard a voice from heaven, saying, “Write, ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on!'” “Yes,” says the Spirit, “so that they may rest from their labors, for their deeds follow with them.”
Genesis 1:5 God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
Genesis 1:8 God called the expanse heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.
Genesis 1:13 There was evening and there was morning, a third day.
Genesis 1:19 There was evening and there was morning, a fourth day.
Genesis 1:23 There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day.
Genesis 1:31 God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.
Genesis 2:2 By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.
John 15:4 “Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you unless you abide in Me. IV. The principles taught through the sabbath
a. The principle of work
Exodus 20:9 (NASB) 9 “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, b. The principle of worship
Exodus 20:9-10 (NASB) 9 “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work
1. Worship replenishes our spirit
2. Worship refreshes our soul
Psalms 23:1-6 The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want. He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul;
3. Worship replenishes our bodies
Isa 40:31 Yet those who wait for the LORD Will gain new strength; They will mount up with wings like eagles, They will run and not get tired, They will walk and not become weary.