The Revelation Overview
I. THE AUTHOR AND DATE OF THE BOOK
John wrote a revelation on the 14th year of the Roman Emperor Domitian – Iranaeus
John 13:23 (NASB) 23 There was reclining on Jesus’ bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.
John 19:26 (NASB) 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said* to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son!”
John 19:25 (NASB) 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things. But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
Mark 15:40 (NASB) 40 There were also some women looking on from a distance, among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Less and Joses, and Salome.
Matthew 27:56 (NASB) 56 Among them was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
Matthew 4:21 (NASB) 21 Going on from there He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them.
II. THE OVERVIEW OF THE BOOK
Acts 1:8 (NASB) 8 but you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth.”
III. FOUR APPROACHES FOR INTERPRETING THIS BOOK
a. The idealist approach
b. The preterist approach
1. Full Preterists
2. Partial Preterists
c. The historicist approach
Their [the Jews] rotten and unbending stiffneckedness deserves that they be oppressed unendingly and without measure or end and that they die in their misery without the pity of anyone. – John Calvin
How hateful to me are the enemies of your Scripture! How I wish that you would slay them (the Jews) with your two-edged sword, so that there should be none to oppose your word! Gladly would I have them die to themselves and live to you! – St. Augustine
d. The futurist approach
Micah 5:2 (NASB) 2 “But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity.”
Matthew 2:5 (NASB) 5 They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea; for this is what has been written by the prophet: